Karangasem has a rich variety of older customs found in villages that resisted Javanese influences after the 14th century. The royal family, related to Gelgel, became independent and in the early 1700’s and challenged Klungkung. Internal strife led to exile and the formation of a rival house in Lombok, which eventuallya returned to defeat its own family on Bali and also conquered Buleleng. By recognizing Dutch sovereignty, Karangasem remained intact South Bali was conquered in the early 1900’s. After Mount Agung erupted in 1963, the capital changed names to Amlapura.